Dictionary of Electrical Engineering

Commonly used terms in the Electrical industry.

direct-axis subtransient open-circuit time constant
a constant that characterizes the initial decay of transients in the d-axis variables of the synchronous machine with the stator windings open-circuited. The interval characterized is that immediately following a disturbance, during which the effects of all amortisseur windings are considered. A detailed (derived) closed-form expression for the subtransient open-circuit time constant of a machine with a single d-axis amortisseur windings is obtained by taking the reciprocal of the smallest root of the denominator of the d-axis operational impedance. An approximate (standard) value is often used, in which it is assumed the field winding resistance is very small and the detailed expression simplified.