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Electrical Standards and bodies
Philippines Electrical Code (PEC) published by the Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers (IIEE).
The National Electrical Code, produced by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA); and The National Electrical Safety Code, produced under the auspices of the Institute of Electrical and ElectronicEngineers (IEEE).
The British Standards Institution (BSI) is the recognised body for the preparation and promulgation of national standards in all fields.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation (CENELEC). The standardisation institutions of Western Europe formed the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) which coordinated the drafting of standards within the two regional trading groups: The European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Free Trade Area (EFTA).
- International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), was established in 1906, and now comprises the national electrotechnical committees ofover 60 countries in all continents throughout the world.
IEC Standards are widely adopted as the basis of national electrotechnical standards so far as local customs and conditions permit. They are also quoted in manufacturers' specifications and by users when calling for tenders.
This widespread adoption facilitates international trade in the electrical and electronic engineering sectors.
- Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL)
The Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL) is an independent non-profit organisation in the USA which was originally set up by the insurance underwriters to carry out testing for public safety. A complete description of the organisation, purposes, and methods of UL can be found in a pamphlet 'Testing for Public Safety' obtainable from UL.
- International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)
was founded in 1947 in the aftermath of World War II, and the national standards bodies of approximately 90 different countries now participate in its work.
ISO produces standards which are published on approval by 75% of the member bodies. ISO is governed by the ISO Council, and within the organisation there are in excess of 2000 technical committees, sub committees, and working groups involved in the preparation of International Standards. ISO had published approximately 8000 standards in the 20th century. In principle, ISO does not produce electrical standards, this being the province of its electrical counterpart the IEC.